When Is the Best Time to Plant Roses? – A Planting Calendar

Written by

William Golder


Dorian Goodwin

when is the best time to plant roses

Roses have always been popular among people and in stores. But before they come into garden centers, they need to avoid too much coldness and hotness to survive first.

Planting them at the right time can help roses prevent exposure to threatening climates to produce high-quality roses and achieve their on-time bloom once the harvest season comes.

So, when is the best time to plant roses? For a healthy and timely harvest, plant roses in early spring, at a temperature of 40°-60°F, and after the last frost dates in your zone have passed.

Read on to learn further about this.


Best Time to Plant Roses


1. In early spring

Roses grow healthy in warm climates. So the best time of year to plant them is in early spring, after winter has passed and before the hot summer occurs, where the weather is mild.

The best month to plant roses during the early spring is February through May.


  • Plant roses from February to March for good root growth.

Planting roses in the early months, such as in late February through March, is a good option for gardeners.

It can help them establish their roots in the ground before they flourish, which will make them strong for the long growing season until they bloom.

  • Plant roses from April to May to develop their vibrant colors.

Most gardeners plant roses in April through May because it can make their colors more vibrant.

However, if you plant them around this time, once the summer heat comes, it will cause them to experience hot temperatures, which might be deadly if you handle them amiss.

So you might need to work twice as hard to water them in the summer’s soaring temperatures to keep them hydrated.

2. In warm temperatures between 40°-60°F


When to plant roses? Another thing to consider when you plant rose bushes is the proper air temperature.

Roses like warm climates, so once the temperatures have warmed to 40°-60°F, you can plant them at these ranges.

  • Wait until the soil and air temperature become warm.

It is important to note that roses cannot thrive in climates that are too cold when the temperature is below 32°F and in climates that are too hot.

Therefore, it is best to wait until the soil and daytime temperature is quite warm before planting roses because this will promote healthy plant growth and help establish strong roots that can survive intense heat.

However, you must expect ranging weather. So you must be ready to preserve your roses in any situation.

  • Protect your rose bushes from too cold and too hot temperatures.

Growing your roses in favorable weather is crucial. Too cold weather may hurt a ngrowing rose, and too much hotness may limit or even stop their blooming.

Here are some ways how to protect your roses when the weather is too cold:

  • Cover the base of the plant with some soil.
  • Add several composts on top of the soil to keep them warm.

And if the weather is too hot, try doing these steps to protect them:

  • Use shade cloth or umbrellas to cover them from excessive sunlight.
  • Water them every day to keep them hydrated.
  • Embed some mulch on them to keep their moisture.

3. After the last frost date of your zone


The last frost date in every zone is one of the most important indications for gardeners when to plant roses.

It is the last day when the cold season ends, making it the perfect time to plant roses since they grow best in a mild climate.

  • Know where your zone is.

Be aware of which of the 13 hardiness zones so you know what plants may thrive in your location and when the last frost occurs.

Most roses thrive in Zone 5-10 because of their mild temperatures.

That’s why roses are favorable to plant in some areas in California and in Oregon since they are part of the multiple hardiness zones between zones 6-9.

It means both states have mild climates that are suitable for growing roses.

  • Familiarize the last frost date of your zone.

Depending on your zone, it is advisable to plant roses after the last frost dates so they can grow correctly in warm weather and soil.

Here’s a guide to the last frost dates for planting roses.

  • In Zone 5, the average last frost date is May 15th.
  • In Zone 6, its latest frost usually occurs between April 1-15.
  • In Zone 7, the last frost day usually happens in mid April
  • In Zone 8, the latest frost days are between March 21-31.
  • And in Zone 9, the last frost date is on March 1st.

So planting roses after these dates is the perfect time to establish their roots in the ground to gain a high yield of blossoms once summer comes.

Tips for Planting in Zones


  • Don’t plant roses in wet soil. Place them where they can absorb plenty of sunlight to dry them enough or put a newspaper to absorb too much moisture.
  • Plant roses in warm soil. If frost has just passed, try putting mulch straw on the soil to warm them fast.
  • Plant your roses where they can get 6-8 hours of sunlight.
  • Use well-draining soil when planting roses.
  • Water the roses for 3-4 days to establish strong roots underground and keep them hydrated.

Factors to Consider When Growing Roses


1. Plant in the right place.

Roses need the right location when planted. They need a maximum of 8 hours of sunlight to grow well and have high yields once harvest season comes.

2. Plant in the right type of soil.

A well-draining soil is the ideal soil type where you should plant your roses to avoid root rot. Adding composts is also helpful in keeping its excellent drainage system.

And planting roses in a soil pH of 6.5 is ideal, as it will stimulate healthy growth when it is not too acidic and not too alkaline.

3. The type of rose

Planting roses at the right time varies with the type of roses you choose. Roses in pots or containers have more flexible planting time than bare-root roses.

Potted roses are bought in pots that already have a root system in their containers, while bare-root roses are only roots without soil and foliage.

Bare-root roses need to be planted as early as March, as this is the last time they are dormant. Once April comes, they will awaken and flourish.

The advantage of using bare-root is that when they are planted early, they will establish a good root system underground that will help them grow well.

Contrariwise, potted plants have a more flexible planting time since they already have a root system in their container. It means you can plant them any time.

However, planting them around May is the ideal time to transplant them into new soil, as the roots in the container have been stronger during this time, making it safe to remove them from their pots.


It is clear that roses are not as hard to grow as you might think they may be.

Warm temperatures in spring, when the wintry days in your region have passed, are what they only need to have good root growth and healthy rose plants.

Take note to give them some proper care by watering them often and giving them enough sunlight every day to keep them happy so that they will bring you high yields in summer.

Moreover, there are other flowers that are also great choices for your garden. Check out the best times to plant them below:

Hopefully, learning when is the best time to plant roses will help you grow beautiful flowers next spring. Thank you!

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